For years, even before the Covid-19 pandemic, Venezuelans have been leaving their country due to rising economic insecurity and political conflict. Now, due to the pandemic, many face new or heightened forms of precarity, in particular as they seek work in countries in which their skills may not match labor market needs, or as they are excluded from opportunities due to their outsider status. Here, Mariya Ivancheva and Jesica Lorena Pla examine how Venezuelan migrants in Argentina worked through the pandemic, eliciting and analyzing their reflections on job security and sense of stability, as well as how their experiences in Venezuela shape their views of Argentina and back home.
Mariya Ivancheva is an anthropologist and sociologist of labor and education inequalities, and a lecturer of higher education studies at the University of Liverpool. Her academic work and research-driven advocacy focus on the casualization and digitalization of labor, the institutional re/production of and organized resistance against intersectional inequalities, and the geographic and social mobility of “high-skilled” workers, especially during processes of (post)socialist transformation. Ivancheva has carried out extensive fieldwork in Venezuela and has also done research in Bulgaria, South Africa, Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Argentina. She has presented her work at invited lectures at universities and large conferences in Hungary, Chile, Turkey, Russia, Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the United States, among others. Her work has been widely published and translated in academic and popular outlets. Ivancheva is a member of the LeftEast web platform, the PrecAnthro watchdog group, the LevFem left-feminist collective, and has been active in antiracist, gender, labor, and financial justice initiatives across Europe.